Purchase the APA Packet

A packet is available for purchase which provides more information. The packet includes:

APA Sample Paper, Three-Level Heading Sample, Reference Page Sample

The cost for these items is to help support the maintenance and further development of this web site which is solely maintained by the owner, Dr. Gwen Morse.

Click here for more information.


The APA Publication Manual is now available for Kindle. Click here for more information.

APA Blog on DOI's and URL's (flow chart)

drgwen.org tutorials

PowerPoint Tutorial
Basics of Excel Tutorial
Statistics Tutorial


Short : An in-text citation that is less than 40 words that is a direct quote should be incorporated into text and enclosed by double quotation marks. The citation should include the author's name, the date of publication, and the number of the specific page being referenced.


Morse (2001) reported that “Ménière's disease responses were similar for men and women

participants” (p. 286).

Long: For quotations of more than 40 words, do not use quotation marks and do not single space. Indent .5” from the left margin without the usual opening paragraph indent for all lines.


Morse (2001) reports the following:
  Results showed that Ménière's disease responses were similar for men and women
  participants. Women with Premenstrual Magnification (PMM) patterns did not vary with
  cycle phases. However, vertigo (p < .05) did decrease significantly postmenses for
  women with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) patterns. (p. 286)
Note: The page citation in the long quote is in parentheses outside of the last sentence.