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Transitional Words & Sentences

Using transitional words and phrases help papers read more smoothly by providing coherence. A coherent paper allows the reader to flow from the first supporting point to the last. Transitions indicate relations, whether from sentence to sentence, or from paragraph to paragraph. This is a list of "relationships" which supporting ideas may have, followed by a list of "transitional" words and phrases which can connect those ideas.

Addition

also, besides, furthermore, in addition, moreover, again

Consequence

accordingly, as a result, consequently, hence, otherwise, so then, therefore, thus, thereupon

Summarizing

after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, on the whole, to sum up, to summarize, finally

Generalizing

as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ­ordinarily, usually

Restatement

in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently

Contrast and Comparison

contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the contrary, on the other hand, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast

Sequence

at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion

Diversion

by the way, incidentally

Illustration

for example, for instance, for one thing

Similarity

likewise, similar, moreover

Direction

here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance